Joanna Gärdin
Participant
Joanna Gärdin

Vietnam’s domestic migration is much more prominent than its overseas migrations. Internal migration, predominantly rural to urban migration, has increased rapidly over the past few decades compared to post war times. In Vietnam, the industrial zone has been developed rapidly for more than 20 years. However, the rate of migrant labor is high. Based on push and pull theory of migration the study is to find the reasons that push or pull rural labors to migrate to industrial zones. Migration is not always driven by the poor economic condition of the households in the areas of origin, it is the way of life of young rural laborers and the migrants in the zones that seem to be pulled rather than pushed. A few push factors that could continue and have caused migration before are: Conflict, Unemployment, Bad living conditions, and Poverty. On the other hand, pull factors are limited compared to the push factors listed above; Better health care, Better Education, Employment opportunities, Better living conditions. The conditions within Vietnam’s migratory complications have been and probably always will stay the same, it hasn’t changed for the last decade and there is a very small possibility that it will change drastically in the next five years from how it is now. Vietnamese citizens will always want to move from rural areas to a more urban living environment and it has always been that way.

#28030